Sexuality, Gender and Islam - Bibliography

The following list provides some but not all the books/reports/papers that exist and may be relevant to Muslim lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender or those questioning their sexuality or gender identity.

Although the Safra Project will do it's best to ensure only recommendable and inclusive organisations, service providers and groups are mentioned on our website, we can not take responsibility for the services offered or advice given by the contacts on these pages.



Among Women - Lesbians in the Ancient World
Editors: Nanacy Sorkin Rabinowitz and Lisa Avanger. (University of Texas Press)

'Believing Women In Islam' - Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Quran'.
By: Asma Barlas. University of Texas Press, (2002)
A review summary link here

Faith and Freedom. Women’s Human Rights in the Muslim World
By: Mahnaz Afkhami (1995)
Google books link

Feminism and Islam
Edited by M. Yamani (1996)
A review summary link here

Feminism and Islamic Feminism The Limits of Postmodern Analysis
By: H. Moghissi (1999)
A review summary link here

For Ourselves - Women reading the Quran
Published by Women Living Under Muslim Laws (1997)
Full version here in .pdf

Gender and Human Rights in Islam and International Law. Equal Before Allah, Unequal Before Man
By: Shaheen. Sardar. Ali (2000)
Summary review in .pdf here

Gendering the Ungendered-in Women in Middle Eastern History
By: Paula Saunders. Nikki Keddie and Beth Baron (eds.) Yale University Press 1991 74-95
For a review summary click here

Hermeneutics and Honour: Negotiating Female “Public” Space in Islamic/ate Societies
Editor: Asma Afsaruddin (1999)
For a review summary click here

Historical development of the legal doctrine relative to the position of the hermaphrodite in the Islamic law
In: THE SEARCH, Journal for Arab and Islamic Studies, winter 1986, 128-170

By: Cilardo, Agostino

Homosexuality in Islam- Critical Reflection on Gay, Lesbian & Transgender Muslims
By: Scott Siraj al-Haqq Kugle, Oneworld Publications, ISBN 9781851687015 | Feb 2010
Sample Chapter (PDF)
, review summary click here
Human Rights in the Muslim World: Socio-political Conditions and Scriptural Imperatives
By: Abdullahi An-Na’im in volume 3 of Harvard Human Rights Journal (1990)

'Identifying Warning Signs of Fundamentalism(s). Attacks on the Human Rights of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual People'
In: Warning Signs of Fundamentalisms
By: Anisa de Jong (November 2002) Link:

Initial Findings 'Identifying the difficulties experienced by lesbian, bisexual & transgender Muslim women in accessing social & legal services'
Safra Project, 2002
Full document here as .pdf

Islam and Feminism: An Analysis of Political Strategies
By: H. Afshar in Feminism and Islam edited by M. Yamani (1996)

Islam and Human Rights, Tradition and Politics
By: Elizabeth Mayer (1995)
Link to review summary here

Islam and Sexual Otherness
By: Farid Esack presented at Yoesuf Foundation Conference on Islam in the West and Homosexuality – Strategies for Action (2000)

Islam en Homseksualiteit (in Dutch)
By Omar Nahas, Uitgeverij Bullaaq/Yoesuf Amsterdam/Utrecht, 2001
Islam, Homosexuality and Migration
By: Ghazala Anwar presented at Yoesuf Foundation Conference on Islam in the West and Homosexuality – Strategies for Action (2000)

Islamic Modernism: Its scope, Method And Alternatives
By: Fazlur Rahman in: The International Journal of Middle East Studies I, 1970, p. 317-333
The first page can be read here

Knowing Our Rights: Women, Family, Laws And Customs In The Muslim World available from WOMEN LIVING UNDER MUSLIM LAWS
Can be downloaded in full at

A Minority within A Minority: British Non-heterosexual Muslims (Report of Research Activities and Results)
By: Dr Andrew Yip (2003) .pdf copy here

Mak Nyas (Male Transsexuals) in Malaysia: The Influence of Culture and Religion on their identity.
Teh, Y. K.(2001), IJT 5,3. A .pdf copy can be found
Out of Place: Interrogating Silences In Queerness/Raciality.
Edited by A. Kuntsman & E. Miyake (2008). Chapter: Gay imperialism: gender and sexuality discourse in the "War on Terror"

Power and Sexuality in the Middle East
By: B. Dunne in the Middle East Report (Spring 1998)
Full article can be read here in .pdf

Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism
By Omid Safi (Editor)
This book contains an essay written by Scott Siraj Haqq Kugle. Siraj who is a scholar of Islam and also a member of Al-Fatiha. (Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2003) ISBN is 1-85168-316-X.
Review summary here

Queer Sexuality and Identity In The Qur'an and the Hadith
By Faris Malik (undated)
For a summary click here

Queering India
By Ruth Vanita. (Routledge), (2002).
Review summary here

Queering Religious Texts.pdf
By Andrew Yip

Qur'an and Woman-Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman's Perspective
By Amina Wadud. (Oxford University Press, 1999). ISBN is 0-19-512836-2
Review summary here

Quran, Liberation and Pluralism: An Islamic perspective of Interreligious Solidarity against Oppression
By: Farid Esack (1997)
Review summary here

Readings from Literature & History: Same-sex love in India
: Ruth Vanita & Saleem Kidwai
Interview with Ruth Vanita:

Religion and the Politics of Sexuality-Spiriutality.pdf
By Andrew Yip

Same-Sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women
By Kecia Ali (2002) for the Feminist Sexual Ethics Project
For a summary click here

Sex – The Awkward Gift from God
By: Farid Esack - Paper presented at 2nd International Muslim Leaders Consultation on HIV and Aids (2003)

Sex Longing and Not Belonging: A Gay Muslim's Quest for Love and Meaning
By Badruddin Khan, Floating Lotus

Sexuality, Diversity and Ethics in the Agenda of Progressive Muslims
By: Scott Siraj Al-Haqq Kugle in Progressive Muslims from One World Publication (2003)
Full article here

Sexuality, Gender and Rights: Exploring Theory and Practice in South and South-East Asia
edited by Geetanjali Mishra, Radhika Chandiramani; Sage, New Delhi, 2005
Review at

Speaking in God’s Name-Islamic Law, Authority and Women
By: El Fadl, Khaled Abou (2001) Oneworld Publications

The story of Lut and the Quran’s perception of the morality of same-sex sexuality
By: Amreen Jamal in Journal of Homosexuality 41(1) (2001)
Full article here

The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam
By: Fatima Mernissi (1991)
Full article here

Towards an Islamic Reformation: Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law
By: Abdullahi An-Na’im (1996) Syracuse University Press
View the book contents here

Vulnerabilities HIV and AIDS
By: Amina Wadud (2003) - Paper presented at 2nd International Muslim Leaders Consultation on HIV and Aids (2003)
Full article here

WLUML Occasional Paper 11: Constructing The Notion Of Male Superiority Over Women In Islam:The Influence Of Sex And Gender Stereotyping In The Interpretation Of The Qur'an And The Implications For A Modernist Exegesis Of Rights:
Read here

Women & Citizenship in the Qur’an
By: B.F. Stowasser in: Women, the Family and Divorce Laws in Islamic History edited by: A. El Azhary Sonbol (1996)

Women and Sexuality in Muslim Socities
Editor: Pinar Ilkkaracan

To download or order a copy go to

Women in Islamic Law
By: R. El Nimr in Feminism and Islam edited by M. Yamani (1996)

Women, Islam and Patriarchalism
By: G. Karmi in Feminism and Islam edited by M. Yamani (1996)
Review summary here

Women In Middle Eastern History
Editors: Nikki Keddie and Beth Baron (1991) Yale University Press
Review summary here

Women’s Rebellion and The Islamic Memory
By: Fatima Mernissi (1996)
Review summary here

Women and Sexuality – Normative Islam versus Muslim Practice
By: Riffat Hassan - Paper presented at 2nd International Muslim Leaders Consultation on HIV and Aids (2003)